1/ What is allergic rhinitis ?

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Allergic rhinitis  often called allergies,  occurs when your immune system overreacts to particles in the air that you breathe you are allergic to them. Your immune system attacks the particles in your body, causing symptoms such as sneezing and a runny nose. Some typical allergens are grass, dust, and mold. Pollen is the most common allergen. Your body releases histamine when it encounters an allergen. A histamine is a natural chemical that defends your body from the allergen. This chemical causes allergic rhinitis, which can have many uncomfortable symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.

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2/ Types of Allergens :

Common causes of allergic rhinitis include: pollen , dust,  animal dander….There are also external factors that can trigger this condition or make it worse. These include: cigarette smoke, chemicals, cold temperatures, humidity, wind, air pollution, fumes

3/ Allergic Rhinitis – Symptoms:

Symptoms of allergic rhinitis may develop within minutes or hours after you breathe in an allergen. The symptoms can last for days.
Symptoms that often start as soon as you breathe in an allergen include: Sneezing over and over again, especially after you wake up in the morning. A runny nose, A tickle in your throat or coughing caused by postnasal drip, Watery, itchy eyes. This may be allergic pinkeye, Itchy ears, nose, and throat.

4/ Allergic Rhinitis Treatment:

There are different ways to treat allergic rhinitis.
Antihistamines effectively treat allergies. They can also help prevent this condition because they block histamine formation in the body.
You can use decongestants over a short period of time to help relieve stuffy nose and sinus pressure.

+Home Treatment

Allergic rhinitis is a long-term problem. It takes time and effort to control allergies through home treatment. But home treatment is one of the best things you can do to help your allergies.
Avoid allergens
If you can avoid or reduce your contact with allergens, you may be able to reduce your allergy symptoms and manage them without medicine or with fewer medicines. Controlling your contact with allergens and reducing your symptoms may also make it less likely you will develop complications such as sinusitis. You do this by:
-Controlling dust and dust mites. For example, dust regularly and wash bed linens in hot water.
-Controlling animal dander and other pet allergens. One way to do this is to restrict pets to certain areas of your home.
-Controlling indoor molds. Clean bathtubs and showers monthly.
-Avoiding outdoor pollens. This includes staying inside while pollen counts are high.

Sour : webmd


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